Culture of Cuba

The Cuban culture is a hearth where they melt cultural manifestations of 3 continents: Europe, Africa and Asia what has given him that universality dimension of which enjoys. Of beyond the Mar Oceano the conquerors arrived from Spain in their ships and I eat consequence of that geste -no bloodless - the aboriginal ones disappeared in hardly 40 years, victims of unknown illnesses i America, of bad treatments and of the fire of the arcabuces and the blow of the swords. Then arrived, also in ships, the African slaves brought to assist the growing economy of plantations and already in the XIX century Chinese culies arrived, French colonists from Haiti escaping from Toussaint L'Ouverture's hosts and but it takes they continued arriving Spaniards of Islas Canarias, Galicia and other regions of the Iberian Peninsula and also arrived North American, Swedish, Japanese, Jews and of all this diversity the unit, an own culture that was gestated along the centuries arose and that it is product of the one bigger than the miscegenations. Fernando Ortiz, an eminent Cuban sage, studied this process and he called him transculturacion (trans-culture).

The Cuban culture has been prodigal in personalities in all the cultural goods and has given to the world so much musical manifestations as the they are -precursor of the so popular "salsa" - and the chachachá like writers and poets of José María Heredia size, José Martí, Guillermo Cabrera Infante, Reinaldo Arenas, Dulce María Loynaz, Alejo Carpentier, José Lezama Lima, Nicolás Guillén or Eliseo Diego, or painters of grateful international fame as Wilfredo Lam, René Portocarrero or Tomás Valdés, or exponents of the dance like the National Ballet of Cuba.


The music is surely the Cuban artistic manifestation most diffused in the world. Already from principles of the XX century the Cuban music expanded outside of limit of the island and from then have had similar success most of the rhythms that have arisen, even establishing rules to level intenacional. Among the Cuban popular rhythms those more diffused are danzon, chachacha, mambo, the current salsa that is a derivation of son. Also, by the universality of the Cuban culture, a Cuban jazz also exists, as well as a hip hop and rap, with roots in the jazz of United States and the reggae of Jamaica and with a high international level.