is the biggest and western of Antilles and it is located strategically
the entrance of the Gulf of Mexico, its southern coast is taken
a bath by the Caribbean Sea and the north by the Atlantic Ocean
and the Gulf of Mexico.
is really an archipelago formed by the island of Cuba (104 945
km² - 40 520 mi²), Island of Pines (2 200 km² -
850 mi²) and around 4 195 keys and islands of small size
with 3 715 km² (1 435 mi²); in total the surface of
the country is about 110 860 km² (42 830 mi²) and its
geographical limits are among the 20º 12 ' 36 '' and the
23º 17 ' 09 '' of north latitude and among the 80º 53
' 55 '' and the 84º 57 ' 54 '' of longitude west. Only the
island of Cuba and Island of Pines have conditions to support
a population resident permanently.
of Cuba has a longitude (east-west) of 1 250 km (780 miles) and
a width average (north-south) that varies between 32 and 210 km
(20-131 miles) and has 5 800 km of coasts approximately (3 625
miles). Lengthened and narrows of the country has been compared
with a cayman and it facilitates that the Trade winds allow to
feel their refreshing influence in the whole territory.
mainly a flat country in the regions Westerner and central,
around 75% of the surface of country is formed by plains that
alternate with 3 mountain ranges located in the occident, center
and east of the island. These plains are generally quite plane
or lightly wavy, they have an altitude below 100 meters on the
level of the sea and most population and economic activities
redide here on the planes. Only naturally preserved planes are
Cienaga de Zapata (Marsh of Zapata) in Matanzas, and Peninsule
of Guanahacabibes, in Pinar del Rio.
ranges mentioned are three:
of Guaniguanico, in Pinar del Rio province. It is
formed by the Sierra of Organs in their western part and Sierra
del Rosario in the oriental.The total longitude in the axis
SW-NE is 150 km and a width between 10 and 30 km. Theare are
a lot of beautifull landscapes and many tourist attractiveness.
Sierra de los Organos is conformed by slate-like
heights of up to 400 meters of altitude and covered with pinegroves
in a large part of their extension and mountains and mogotes
of calcareous rock with heights between 200 and 500 meters
and that alternate with interiors valleys many of them of
great beauty like Viñales, worldwide well-known.
La Sierra del Rosario, has an altitude average
between 300 and 700 meters, the maximum altitude is reached
in Pan de Guajaibon with 702 meters and here alternating a
vegetation of pinegroves and trees of leaves wide, included
beautiful wood, with areas of grasses and coffee plantations.
There are narrows canyons with very beautiful views among
the mountains.Sierra del Rosario is a natural paradise with
a lot of scenarios to natural and ecological tourism.
- Guamauhaya Range, is located in the central area of
the country occupying part of the counties of Cienfuegos, Sancti
Spiritus and Villa Clara and it is compound for Sierra of Escambray
and Sierra de Trinidad, with a total extension of about 4500
km². This mountain range is but well-known as Sierra of
Escambray and it is strongly bound to the recent history of
the country to be the main scenario of the fight against the
Cuban Revolution until middle of the decade of the 60.
The altitude here are between 300 and 1100 meters being reached the
maximum in Pico San Juan with 1140 meters over sea level. These
mountains in general are covered with thick vegetation among
which the trees of beautiful wood are plentiful and the relief
is abrupt with straits valleys and abundant cascades and its
southern skirt is escarped and it finishes very next to Caribbean
Sea of which separates a narrow coastal plain. In short, a paradise
for the ecoturism.
- Sierra Maestra, located in the southeast of the island
is the biggest and highest mountain range of Cuba, forms a bastion
to the long thing and parallelly to the south coast from Cabo
Cruz until Punta de Maisi with around 250 km of longitude and
between 15 and 60 km of width. They conform it properly Sierra
Maestra, Sierra Cristal in the neighbor
of Punta de Maisi and Sierra of Nipe in their
northeast portion. The altitude in this region are between 300
and 2000 meters being reached the biggest heights in the country:
Pico Turquino with 1974 meters over sea level, Pico Cuba, 1872
meters and Pico Suecia, 1734 meters.
is the natural and most majestic scenario of the country, treare
are several natural parks as Pico Turquino, Desembarco del Granma,
Santo Domingo-La Sierrita y Marea del Portillo that makes it
specially appropriate for the nature tourism.
is also closely bound to the recent history of Cuba because
was the scenario of the fight of Fidel Castro's guerrillas against
Fulgencio Batista dictatorship among final of 1956 and final